Wednesday, November 2, 2011

2011 Global Study on Homicide: UNODC puts Mauritius on the world map of crime


Mauritius gets 4.2 points in the first report of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Homicide in the world. The 54 murders reported in 2009 were considered.

There is not only the case Michaela Harte who placed Maurice on the world map of the crime. The island ranks high in a study on the prevalence of murder in 207 countries by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released in early October.
First of its kind, the study called "Global 2011 Study on Homicide" indicates that often murder or murder is often associated with social inequalities. The link between violent crime and poor economic conditions is well done.
Maurice is therefore alongside South Africa and Egypt as the only country in the continent to be cited. It was thus established in the island, with 4.2 points, the majority of male victims are aged between 40 and 44 years while women are in the age group 35 to 39 years.
With 54 murders recorded in 2009, Mauritius is part of the African countries where the rate is relatively low. But it is, however, pale in front of the countries of the region such as the Seychelles, which has identified as seven homicides that year. But the archipelago is taxed at 17.1 points.
In South Africa, crime is a daily with 16,834 murders recorded in 2009. With 33.8 points, it surpasses even Russia, deemed violent, with 15,954 homicides that have been collecting 11.2 points. Mostly, victims are aged between 20 and 39 years and murderers are from disadvantaged groups.
From one region to another, the reasons for pushing a person to commit a crime are different: on one hand, there may be organized crime, the other drug trafficking and gang warfare of young people. And in these cases, it is the guns that are most used.
Throughout the world, the same trend. The vast majority of murders are committed by young men. On the other, it is unfortunately women who are victims of their partners or relatives. They are most often killed her.
In Italy, for example, women outnumber killed the victims of the mafia ... That says it all. In Asia, thousands of women are killed because of dowry issues.
More crime is high in a country, says UNODC, is a sign that something is wrong and changes need to be on the agenda to reverse the trend. Improving living conditions of inhabitants, economic and social level, would reduce crime, the report said.
Of preventive and repressive measures can also help, as was noted in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Overnight, the number of murders has dropped drastically.
Each country sets a different murder, and it was a Herculean task for the UN agency to collect data globally. The report, written Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of UNODC, could help countries where the situation is tense to adopt corrective measures to reduce the number of crimes.

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